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Effect of Hormones in Gum Disease in Women

Effect of Hormones in Gum Disease in Women

According to a literature review by Case Western Reserve University’s School of Dental Medicine, female hormones are strongly linked to gum disease. Female hormones tend to shift dramatically throughout life, but are more likely to fluctuate during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause. These hormones can trigger changes in the mouth that increase vulnerability to gum disease.

Gum disease can allow oral bacteria to breach the protective barriers in the mouth and access the bloodstream, which can cause even more changes in a woman’s body. Gum disease has been linked to miscarriage, low birth weight, preterm labor, and bone loss. It has also been linked to other health issues, such as type 2 diabetes, dementia, and cardiovascular disease.

Although women tend to be stricter about their dental health than men are, they can still suffer from these serious gum disease-related health issues. Along with good brushing and flossing habits, women should set aside time to get dental cleanings and checkups regularly. Women might need more frequent cleanings during times of major hormonal change, such as pregnancy or menopause, when they are more likely to suffer from dental problems. If women notice symptoms of gum disease, which can include red or swollen gums and gums that bleed easily, a checkup should be scheduled to identify the cause.

Early diagnosis and proper periodontal treatment can reduce the risk of long-term problems associated with gum disease. Treatments can include conservative measures that include deep cleanings and root planing, as well as more aggressive treatments such as surgery. Schedule your next appointment with our team.

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